Bagaimana Cara Menangkal Hoax Jelang Pemilu?

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Orang-orang di era ini pasti udah ngga asing sama sesuatu yang disebut Hoax.

Apalagi kalo udah memasuki masa-masa pesta politik seperti saat ini.

Hoax sejak dulu ternyata udah punya pengaruh yang cukup kuat di konteks pemilu. Bahkan publikasi hoax diprediksi bakal terus terjadi setiap adanya kontestasi politik.

Untuk itu diperlukan solusi penting yang guna bisa menangkal hoax, sekaligus ngupayain adanya kebebasan sipil.

Secara istilah di tahun 1806, hoax memiliki perbedaan dengan fakenews. Sebab hoax bisa berdiri sendiri dan lepas berita. Bentuknya pun bisa berbagai macam, seperti gambar, tulisan, bahkan video.

Deputi Direktur Riset Lembaga Studi dan Advokasi Masyarakat melalui Rumah Pemilu nyebut kalo hoax dan fakenews sama-sama punya pengaruh yang signifikan.

Khususnya sejak tahun 2016 menjelang Pilkada 2017. Ini disebabkan oleh karakter masyarakat DKI Jakarta yang akrab banget sama smartphone.

Ngga heran kalo ini bakal terus berlanjut sampe hingga tahun politik di 2019 ini.

Selain memiliki dampak yang kuat, hoax sendiri diakui bermasalah lho. Soalnya, pertama, frekuensi konten hoax yang begitu tinggi bisa nimbulin kebenaran yang dipercayai banyak orang.

Kedua, rendahnya literasi nyebabin masyarakat langsung mudah iya-iya aja, tanpa pandang bulu.

Ketiga, aspek psikologis mengenai persamaan ideologi, agama, afiliasi politik menjadi penyampai hoax yang cukup baik di tengah masyarakat.

Keempat, makin tipisnya batas konseptual antara ruang publik dan ruang privat.

Kelima, makin intim dan tingginya supply-demand. Sementara keenam, rendahnya pengaruh media mainstream sebagai bagian dari turunnya kepercayaan masyarakat terhadap media konvensional.

Ngga hanya itu, salah seorang ahli nyebut kalo menghilangkan medsos guna membredel akun penyuplai hoax jelas bukan solusi.

Kenapa? Karena media dan akun hoax bakal mudah berpindah dan berganti nama. Makanya hoax akan tetap ada entah bagaimana bentuk medianya.

Di sisi lain, di Indonesia penanganan hoax hanya fokus untuk menghukum media atau pemilik akun. Padahal perusahaan media sosial juga punya kewenangan untuk menangkalnya lho.

Contohnya, di Jerman mulanya pihak parlemen minta Facebook buat nyaring akun yang ngemunculin hoax. Akhir titik temu solusi penangkalan hoax bisa berdasar pelaporan dan Facebook bersedia nyediain layanan penerimaan laporan guna nanganin hoax selama 1 kali 24 jam. Wih!

Atau hal lain yang bisa dilakuin adalah dengan mengubah kurikulum pendidikan yang kontekstual terhadap penggunaan media. Dengan begitu pendidikan buat para generasi muda jadi sama dengan perkembangan zaman.

Kalo kalian sendiri gimana? Percaya hoax ngga?

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